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How to Make Hot Cross Buns

This is a traditional hot cross bun recipe, full of spices and citrus zest! This recipe makes 9, 12, or 18 buns. You choose how big or small you like your buns to be! Watch your baking time as it will vary with the size of the buns.

Baked by Alie Romano

Professional Baker and Recipe Developer

* Make sure to read the entire blog post. Every step matters, and I’ll provide helpful tips along the way!

How To Make Hot Cross Buns

I always know when spring is around the corner, not only because of the warmer weather and the longer sun-filled days but because every bakery window I pass is filled with hot cross buns!

I’m not even sure when I started enjoying hot cross buns, I do know I wasn’t interested in them as a child (does this mean I’m getting old?!). Maybe it’s the fact they only seem to come out once a year and they seem to disappear as quickly as they appeared.  

It’s fun to try your hand at something new (especially for spring) and making hot cross buns is one of those fun, rewarding challenges. There’s nothing more satisfying than enjoying fresh hot out of the oven, soft, spiced and zesty buns on Easter morning.

How To Make Hot Cross Buns

Ingredients

  • Active dry yeast
  • All-purpose flour
  • Granulated sugar
  • Ground cinnamon, ground nutmeg & ground cloves
  • Milk
  • Unsalted butter
  • Fresh orange zest
  • Fresh lemon zest
  • Eggs
  • Dried currants
  • Salt

What are Hot Cross Buns?

Hot Cross Buns are a spiced sweet bun made with currants or raisins that is marked with a cross on the top, traditionally eaten on Good Friday. If you’d like to read about the history of Hot Cross Buns, click here to check it out on wikipedia.

How To Make Hot Cross Buns

Tips on Making Hot Cross Buns for the first time

  1. First and foremost, don’t be too hard on yourself! If you get it right on your first go, congratulations but most likely you’ll have to make the recipe a few times before you perfect it.
  2. Make sure your yeast hasn’t expired and is still active – if it doesn’t bubble and foam after the required time, it’s not active and you’ll have to go to the store and buy some fresh yeast.
  3. Use a glass bowl when proofing your dough. Metal holds hot and cold temperatures making rising difficult and stressful on the dough.
  4. A warm kitchen is all you need for the proofing stage of your dough.  If the room is cold or there are drafts, set your oven to the lowest setting (probably around 100-200˚F) and place your covered bowl inside with the oven door ajar.
  5. The best way to get that lovely citrus flavour is to infuse the citrus peel in a pot with your butter and milk and melt everything together.
  6. The currants can be a pain to work into the dough. Make sure to add them right away and get them worked into the dough. You will still get currants popping out as you knead, but at least you’ll get most of them in there to start.
  7. On the second rise, when you’ve rolled your dough into rolls, make sure you place them close together but not too close that they are touching! If they are too close together the buns will have a hard time baking all the way through.
  8. In order to get the pretty cross on top of the buns, make sure your paste is a little on the thicker side. I made mine a little runny thinking it would be easier to pipe, instead it ran and spread all over the buns, making not so pretty crosses.
How To Make Hot Cross Buns

How To Make Hot Cross Buns

Step One: Proof yeast in warm water and sugar. In a saucepan on low heat melt butter with the milk, orange peel and lemon peel. Create a well in your flour mixture, add your warm milk mixture, yeast mixture, and eggs slowly. Stir and mix together.

Step Two: Bring the flour into the centre of the well and mix until dough becomes ragged, add your currants. Turn out the dough onto a work surface and knead for approx. 10 minutes. Place the dough into the centre of a clean bowl, cover with plastic and let rest for approx. an hour or until doubled in size.

Step Three: Once doubled in size, punch down dough and transfer to a work surface. Cut dough into 9, 12, or 18 even pieces. Roll each piece into a ball, stretching and pinching dough together. Roll each ball to seal, using the palm of your hand. Then place the balls onto a baking sheet. Cover and let rise until doubled in size.

Step Four: Make your cross mixture; mix water and flour together. Using a piping bag with a small tip, pipe crosses over each roll.

Step Five: Bake in center of oven until golden brown. Meanwhile make your glaze. Add sugar and water into a small saucepan, dissolve sugar in water over medium heat. Remove from heat and brush the tops of each hot cross bun.

How To Make Hot Cross Buns
How To Make Hot Cross Buns
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Hot Cross Buns

This is a traditional hot cross bun recipe, full of spices and citrus zest! This recipe makes 9, 12, or 18 buns. You choose how big or small you like your buns to be! Watch your baking time as it will vary with the size of the buns.

  • Author: Alie Romano
  • Prep Time: 3 hours
  • Cook Time: 15 mins
  • Total Time: 3 hours 15 mins
  • Yield: 12 1x
  • Category: Bread
  • Method: Baking
  • Cuisine: British

Ingredients

Units Scale
  • 1/2 cup granulated sugar, divided
  • 1/4 cup warm water
  • 1 pkg (7 grams) active dry yeast
  • 3 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 Tablespoon cinnamon
  • 1 teaspoon nutmeg
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
  • 3/4 cup milk, warmed
  • 1/4 cup unsalted butter, melted
  • The peel of 1 large orange and 1 large lemon
  • 1 egg
  • 1 egg yolk
  • 1/4 cup dried currants

Glaze

  • 2 Tablespoons granulated sugar
  • 2 Tablespoons water

Cross

  • 3 Tablespoons warm water
  • 3 Tablespoons all-purpose flour

Instructions

  1. In a small bowl add warm water, yeast and 1 tablespoon of the sugar. Let sit until the yeast starts to bubble and foam, approx. 10 minutes.
  2. Meanwhile in a large glass bowl, combine flour, cinnamon, nutmeg, salt, ground cloves and the rest of the sugar. Mix to combine and set aside.
  3. In a saucepan on low heat melt butter with the milk, add orange and lemon peel to infuse flavours. Simmer for approx. 2 minutes to infuse, don’t boil. Remove from the heat and let cool to luke warm.
  4. In another small bowl whisk egg and egg yolk together.
  5. Create a well in your flour mixture, add warm milk mixture, yeast mixture, and add the eggs slowly while whisking together (you don’t want the eggs to cook). Stir and mix together.
  6. With a wooden spoon gently bring the flour into the centre and mix until dough starts to to come together and is ragged, add currants.
  7. Turn out the dough onto a work surface and knead for approx. 8-10 minutes until elastic and smooth. Add a little flour as needed (you can use the dough hook on your mixer as well). Shape the dough into a ball.
  8. Lightly grease a large glass bowl with oil, place the dough into the centre, turning the dough over to grease all over. Cover with plastic and let rest for about an hour or until doubled in size.
  9. Once dough is double in size, punch down dough and transfer to a lightly floured work surface. Cut dough into 12 even pieces (if possible use a scale to weigh the pieces for even sized rolls). Roll each piece into a ball, stretching and pinching dough underneath to create a ball. Roll each ball to seal, using the palm of your hand. Place the buns onto a baking sheet lined with parchment paper, approx. 1 inches apart.
  10. Cover the buns and let rest until doubled in size, approx. 45 minutes.
  11. Meanwhile preheat your oven to 375˚F.
  12. Make your paste for the crosses. Mix water and flour together. Using a piping bag with a small tip, pipe crosses over each bun.
  13. Bake in center of oven for approx. 15-20 minutes or until golden brown.
  14. Meanwhile make your glaze. Add sugar and water into a small saucepan. Over medium heat, dissolve sugar in water. Once sugar is dissolved remove the pan from the heat and using a pastry brush, brush the tops of each bun. 
  15. Enjoy the same day!

Notes

Make sure to keep your dough covered at all times, or it will dry out and form a crust on it.

Store buns once they are completely cooled in a plastic bag or an airtight container. Buns will last 2 days or freeze for up to one month.

You can make the recipe into 9, 12, or 18 buns. It really depends on the size you’d like. Just watch your baking time as it may differ a little. 

Nutrition

  • Serving Size: 1 bun
  • Calories: 202
  • Sugar: 9.5g
  • Sodium: 138mg
  • Fat: 5.3g
  • Saturated Fat: 3g
  • Unsaturated Fat: 0
  • Trans Fat: 0
  • Carbohydrates: 34.1g
  • Fiber: 1.4g
  • Protein: 4.7g
  • Cholesterol: 43mg

Keywords: Hot Cross Buns, Easter, Buns, Rolls, Breakfast

Did you make this recipe?

Write a review and let me know!

Share a photo and tag me on Instagram @bakingforfriends_

I can’t wait to see what you’ve made! xo alie

FAQ’s

Why are my hot cross buns dense?

There can be many reasons for dense hot cross buns. Some common issues are:
1. Underproofing the dough: Proofing allows the dough to rise and develop air pockets, which contribute to a light and fluffy texture. If you don’t proof the dough long enough, it may not have had enough time to rise, resulting in a dense texture. Timelines in recipes are guidelines as no two homes have the same temperature. You want to make sure your dough has doubled in size. This may take longer or shorter than the time recommended in the recipe.
2. Not kneading the dough enough can also cause dense buns. The process of kneading is what develops the gluten strands. If the dough hasn’t had enough time to develop during kneading it can cause the dough to be dense.
3. Adding too much flour during the kneading process can result in dense buns. Use extra flour sparingly.

Can I make hot cross buns ahead of time?

Yes, you can make hot cross buns ahead of time. Simply refrigerate unbaked buns for up to one day and then bake as directed. Or you can freeze the unbaked buns for up to one month. When ready to bake thaw and bake them as directed. Alternatively, you can bake the buns and then freeze them for up to 2 months. Reheat in the oven at 350˚F for 6-8 minutes for warm buns.

Can I use whole-wheat flour to make hot cross buns?

Yes, you can use whole-wheat flour to make hot cross buns. However, the buns may be denser and heavier. I’d suggest doing a combinations of all-purpose flour and whole-wheat flour to achieve a nicer texture.

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Cathy
Cathy
7 years ago

Hot Cross Buns! One of my favourites..it must be Easter! Love them just with raisins. Thanks for the recipe. Will try it soon.

Carol
Carol
2 years ago

I have a question..is the peel to be chopped up? Or grated or ?

Thanks…

Carol
Carol
2 years ago
Rating :
     

Again for me this recipe produced a perfect result. The tips were helpful. I especially liked the use of zest and not candied peel to give a subtle citrus flavour.
I would make this recipe again and have sent it to friends, already!

Courtney
Courtney
2 years ago
Rating :
     

So fun and easy to make! Read through recipe before beginning, there is a lot of important steps.

Will definitely be making again a few times before Easter to practice more.

Frances Jackson
Frances Jackson
1 year ago

Is the orange and lemon peel grated?

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Meet

Alie

I'm a professional baker, recipe developer & photographer behind Baking For Friends. I specialize in classic & comforting baking. I hope you enjoy the recipes & find inspiration of your own to bring your family & friends together over home-cooked food!

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